Kemal Atatürk  (or alternatively written as Kamâl Atatürk, Mustafa Kemal Pasha [a] up until 1934, typically referred to as Mustafa Kemal Atatürk; [b] 1881 [c]-- 10 November 1938), was a Turkish field marshal, revolutionary statesman, author, and the creator of the Republic of Turkey, acting as its first President from 1923 up until his death in 1938. His benevolent dictatorship carried out sweeping progressive reforms, which updated Turkey into a nonreligious, commercial nation.Ideologically a secularist and nationalist, his policies and theories ended up being understood as Kemalism. Due to his military and political achievements, Atatürk is regarded according to studies as one of the biggest leaders of the 20th century.
Atatürk pertained to prominence for his role in securing the Ottoman Turkish success at the Fight of Gallipoli (1915) throughout World War I. Following the defeat and dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, he led the Turkish National Motion, which withstood mainland Turkey's partition among the victorious Allied powers. Establishing a provisionary government in the contemporary Turkish capital Ankara, he defeated the forces sent by the Allies, thus emerging triumphant from what was later described as the Turkish War of Independence. He consequently proceeded to eliminate the run-down Ottoman Empire and proclaimed the structure of the Turkish Republic in its location.
As the president of the newly formed Turkish Republic, Atatürk started an extensive program of political, economic, and cultural reforms with the supreme aim of constructing a contemporary, progressive and secular nation-state. He made main education free and required, opening thousands of new schools all over the nation. He likewise introduced the Latin-based Turkish alphabet, changing the old Ottoman Turkish alphabet. Turkish ladies got equal civil and political rights during Atatürk's presidency ahead of numerous Western nations.  In specific, ladies were offered voting rights in regional elections by Act no. 1580 on 3 April 1930 and a few years later, in 1934, full universal suffrage, earlier than most other democracies in the world.
His federal government performed a policy of Turkicisation, attempting to produce an uniform and unified nation. Under Atatürk, non-Turkish minorities were pressured to speak Turkish in public, non-Turkish toponyms and last names of minorities had actually to be changed to Turkish renditions. The Turkish Parliament gave him the surname Atatürk in 1934, which suggests "Dad of the Turks", in recognition of the role he played in constructing the modern Turkish Republic.  He died on 10 November 1938 at Dolmabahçe Palace in Istanbul, at the age of 57 he was prospered as President by his long-time Prime Minister İsmet İnönü  and was honored with a state funeral. His iconic mausoleum in Ankara, developed and opened in 1953, is surrounded by a park called the Peace Park in honor of his popular expression "Peace in the house, Peace in the World".
In 1981, the centennial of Atatürk's birth, his memory was honoured by the United Nations and UNESCO, which declared it The Atatürk Year in the World and adopted the Resolution on the Atatürk Centennial, describing him as "the leader of the very first battle provided against manifest destiny and imperialism" and a "exceptional promoter of the sense of understanding in between individuals and durable peace matematik sokağı in between the nations of the world which he worked all his life for the development of consistency and cooperation between individuals without distinction".   Atatürk is honored by many memorials and locations called in his honor throughout Turkey and the world. Eleftherios Venizelos, previous Prime Minister of Greece, forwarded Atatürk's name for the 1934 Nobel Peace Reward.